小说:《傲慢与偏见》 第30章 (中英对照)

简.奥斯汀
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              第 30 章

威廉爵士在汉斯福只待了一个星期,可是经过了这一次短短的拜访,他大可以为了:女儿嫁得极其称心如意,而且有了这样不可多得的丈夫和难能可贵的邻居。威谦爵士在这儿作客的时候,柯林斯先生总是每天上午同他乘着双轮马车,带他到郊野去漫游;他走了以后,家里又恢复了日常生活。伊莉莎白真要谢天谢地。因为这一次作客,跟她表兄柯林斯朝夕相见的次数并不多。原来他从吃早饭到吃午饭那一段时间里,不是在收拾花园,就是在自己那间面临着大路的书房里看书写字,凭窗远眺,而女客的起坐间又在后面那一间。伊莉莎白开头很奇怪:这里的餐厅比较大,地位光线也比较好,为什么夏绿蒂不愿意把餐厅兼作起居室?可是她立刻看出了她朋友所以要这样做,的确非常有理由,因为:假如女客也在一间同样舒适的起坐间里,那么柯林斯先生待在自己房间里的时间就要比较少了;她很赞赏夏绿蒂这样的按排。

  她们从会客室里根本看不见外面大路的情形,幸亏每逢有什么车辆驶过,柯林斯先生总是要告诉她们;特别是德?包尔小姐常常乘着小马车驶过,差不多天天驶过,他没有哪一次不告诉她们的。小姐常在牧师的门前停下车来,跟夏绿蒂闲谈几分钟,可是主人从来不请她下车。

  柯林斯先生差不多每天要到罗新斯去一趟,他的太太也是隔不了几天就要去一次。伊莉莎白总以为他们还有些别的应得的俸禄要去处理一下,否则她就不懂得为什么要牺牲那么多的时间。有时候夫人也会光临他们的住宅,来了以后就把屋子里无论什么事都看在眼里。她查问他们的日常生活,察看他们的家务,劝他们换个方式处置;又吹毛求疵地说,他们的家俱摆得不对,或者是他们的佣人在偷懒;要是她肯在这里吃点东西,那好象只是为了要看看柯林斯太太是否持家节俭,不滥吃滥用。

  伊莉莎白立刻就发觉,这位贵妇人虽然没有担任郡里的司法职使,可是事实上她等于是她自己这个教区里最积极的法官,一点点芝麻大的事都由柯林斯先生报告给她;只要哪一个穷苦人在吵架,闹意气,或是穷得活不下去,她问题亲自到村里去调解处理,镇压制服,又骂得他们一个个相安无事,不再叫苦叹穷。

  罗新斯大约每星期要请她们吃一两次饭;尽管缺少了威廉爵士,而且只有一桌牌,不过每有一次这样的宴会,都依照第一次如法炮制。他们简直没有别的宴会,因为附近一般人家的那种生活派头,柯林斯还高攀不上。不过伊莉莎白并不觉得遗憾,因为她在这里大体上是过得够舒服了:经常和夏绿蒂作半个钟点的交谈,加上这个季节里又是天气睛朗,可以常常到户外去舒畅一下。别人去拜访咖苔琳夫人的时候,她总是爱到花园旁边那座小林子里去散散步,那儿有一条很美的绿荫小径,她觉得那地方只有她一人懂得欣赏,而且到了那儿,也就可以免得惹起咖苔琳夫人的好奇心。

  她开头两个星期的作客生涯,就这样安静地过去了。复活节快到了,节前一星期,罗新斯府上要添一个客人。在这么一个小圈子里,这当然是件大事。伊莉莎白一到那儿,便听说达西先生最近几个星期里就要到来,虽然她觉得在她所认识的人里面,差不多没有一个象达西这样讨厌,不过他来了却能给罗新斯的宴会上添一个面貌比较新鲜的人,同时可以从他对他表妹的态度看出彬格莱小姐在他身上的打算要完全落空,那更有趣极了。咖苔琳夫人显然已经把他安排给他的表妹,一谈到他要来,就得意非凡,对他赞美备至,可是一听说卢卡斯小姐和伊莉莎白早就跟他认识,又时常见面,就几乎好象生起气来。

  不久,柯林斯家里就知道达西来了;因为牧师先生那天整个上午都在汉斯福旁的门房附近走动,以便尽早获得确凿的消息;等到马车驶进花园,他就一鞠躬,连忙跑进屋去报告这重大的新闻。第二天上午,他赶快到罗新斯去拜会。他一共要拜会咖苔琳夫人的两位姨侄,因为达西先生还带来了一位费茨威廉上校,是达西舅父(某某爵士)的小儿子。柯林斯先生回家来的时候,把那两位贵宾也带来了,大家很是吃惊。夏绿蒂从她丈夫的房间里看到他们一行三人从大路那边走过来,便立刻奔进另外一个房间,告诉小姐们说,她们马上就会有贵客降临,接着又说:伊丽莎,这次贵客光临,我得感谢你呀。否则达西先生才不会一下子就来拜访我呢。”

  伊莉莎白听到这番恭维话,还没有来得及申辩,门铃就响了,宣布贵宾光临。不大一会儿工夫,宾主三人一同走进屋来。带头的是费茨威廉上校,大约三十岁左右,人长得不漂亮,可是从仪表和谈吐看来,倒是个地道的绅士。达西先生完全是当初在哈福德郡的那副老样子,用他往常一贯的矜持态度,向柯林斯太太问好。尽管他对她的朋友伊莉莎白可能另有一种感情,然而见到她的时候,神色却极其镇定。伊莉莎白只对他行了个屈膝礼,一句话也没说。

  费茨威廉上校立刻就跟大家攀谈起来,口齿伶俐,象个有教养的人,并且谈得颇有风趣;可是他那位表兄,却只跟柯林斯太太把房子和花园稍许评赏了几句,就坐那儿没有跟任何人说话。过了一会儿,他重新想到了礼貌问题,便向伊莉莎白问候她和她全家人的安好。伊莉莎白照例敷衍了他几句,停了片刻,她又说:我姐姐最近三个月来一直在城里。你从来没有碰到过她吗?”

  其实她明明知道他从来没有碰到过吉英,只不过为了想要探探他的口气,看看他是否知道彬格莱一家人和吉英之间的关系。他回答说,不幸从来未曾碰到过班纳特小姐,她觉得他回答这话时神色有点慌张。这件事没有再谈下去,两位贵宾立刻就告辞了。

Chapter 30

SIR WILLIAM staid only a week at Hunsford; but his visit was long enough to convince him of his daughter’s being most comfortably settled, and of her possessing such a husband and such a neighbour as were not often met with. While Sir William was with them, Mr. Collins devoted his mornings to driving him out in his gig and shewing him the country; but when he went away, the whole family returned to their usual employments, and Elizabeth was thankful to find that they did not see more of her cousin by the alteration, for the chief of the time between breakfast and dinner was now passed by him either at work in the garden, or in reading and writing, and looking out of window in his own book room, which fronted the road. The room in which the ladies sat was backwards. Elizabeth at first had rather wondered that Charlotte should not prefer the dining parlour for common use; it was a better sized room, and had a pleasanter aspect; but she soon saw that her friend had an excellent reason for what she did, for Mr. Collins would undoubtedly have been much less in his own apartment, had they sat in one equally lively; and she gave Charlotte credit for the arrangement.
From the drawing room they could distinguish nothing in the lane, and were indebted to Mr. Collins for the knowledge of what carriages went along, and how often especially Miss De Bourgh drove by in her phaeton, which he never failed coming to inform them of, though it happened almost every day. She not unfrequently stopped at the Parsonage, and had a few minutes’ conversation with Charlotte, but was scarcely ever prevailed on to get out.
Very few days passed in which Mr. Collins did not walk to Rosings, and not many in which his wife did not think it necessary to go likewise; and till Elizabeth recollected that there might be other family livings to be disposed of, she could not understand the sacrifice of so many hours. Now and then, they were honoured with a call from her ladyship, and nothing escaped her observation that was passing in the room during these visits. She examined into their employments, looked at their work, and advised them to do it differently; found fault with the arrangement of the furniture, or detected the housemaid in negligence; and if she accepted any refreshment, seemed to do it only for the sake of finding out that Mrs. Collins’s joints of meat were too large for her family.
Elizabeth soon perceived that though this great lady was not in the commission of the peace for the county, she was a most active magistrate in her own parish, the minutest concerns of which were carried to her by Mr. Collins; and whenever any of the cottagers were disposed to be quarrelsome, discontented or too poor, she sallied forth into the village to settle their differences, silence their complaints, and scold them into harmony and plenty.
The entertainment of dining at Rosings was repeated about twice a week; and, allowing for the loss of Sir William, and there being only one card table in the evening, every such entertainment was the counterpart of the first. Their other engagements were few; as the style of living of the neighbourhood in general was beyond the Collinses’ reach. This, however, was no evil to Elizabeth, and upon the whole she spent her time comfortably enough; there were half hours of pleasant conversation with Charlotte, and the weather was so fine for the time of year, that she had often great enjoyment out of doors. Her favourite walk, and where she frequently went while the others were calling on Lady Catherine, was along the open grove which edged that side of the park, where there was a nice sheltered path, which no one seemed to value but herself, and where she felt beyond the reach of Lady Catherine’s curiosity.
In this quiet way, the first fortnight of her visit soon passed away. Easter was approaching, and the week preceding it was to bring an addition to the family at Rosings, which in so small a circle must be important. Elizabeth had heard, soon after her arrival, that Mr. Darcy was expected there in the course of a few weeks, and though there were not many of her acquaintance whom she did not prefer, his coming would furnish one comparatively new to look at in their Rosings parties, and she might be amused in seeing how hopeless Miss Bingley’s designs on him were, by his behaviour to his cousin, for whom he was evidently destined by Lady Catherine; who talked of his coming with the greatest satisfaction, spoke of him in terms of the highest admiration, and seemed almost angry to find that he had already been frequently seen by Miss Lucas and herself.
His arrival was soon known at the Parsonage, for Mr. Collins was walking the whole morning within view of the lodges opening into Hunsford Lane, in order to have the earliest assurance of it; and after making his bow as the carriage turned into the park, hurried home with the great intelligence. On the following morning he hastened to Rosings to pay his respects. There were two nephews of Lady Catherine to require them, for Mr. Darcy had brought with him a Colonel Fitzwilliam, the younger son of his uncle, Lord —-; and to the great surprise of all the party, when Mr. Collins returned, the gentlemen accompanied him. Charlotte had seen them, from her husband’s room, crossing the road, and immediately running into the other, told the girls what an honour they might expect, adding,
“I may thank you, Eliza, for this piece of civility. Mr. Darcy would never have come so soon to wait upon me.”
Elizabeth had scarcely time to disclaim all right to the compliment, before their approach was announced by the door-bell, and shortly afterwards the three gentlemen entered the room. Colonel Fitzwilliam, who led the way, was about thirty, not handsome, but in person and address most truly the gentleman. Mr. Darcy looked just as he had been used to look in Hertfordshire, paid his compliments, with his usual reserve, to Mrs. Collins; and whatever might be his feelings towards her friend, met her with every appearance of composure. Elizabeth merely curtseyed to him, without saying a word.
Colonel Fitzwilliam entered into conversation directly with the readiness and ease of a well-bred man, and talked very pleasantly; but his cousin, after having addressed a slight observation on the house and garden to Mrs. Collins, sat for some time without speaking to any body. At length, however, his civility was so far awakened as to enquire of Elizabeth after the health of her family. She answered him in the usual way, and after a moment’s pause, added,
“My eldest sister has been in town these three months. Have you never happened to see her there?”
She was perfectly sensible that he never had; but she wished to see whether he would betray any consciousness of what had passed between the Bingleys and Jane; and she thought he looked a little confused as he answered that he had never been so fortunate as to meet Miss Bennet. The subject was pursued no farther, and the gentlemen soon afterwards went away.

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  • 29
  • 第28章
  • 第 27 章
    浪搏恩这家人家除了这些事以外,再没有别的大事;除了到麦里屯去散散步以外,再没有别的消遣。时而雨水泞途、时而风寒刺骨的正月和二月,就这样过去了。三月里伊莉莎白要上汉斯福去。开头她并不是真想去;可是她立刻想到夏绿蒂对于原来的约定寄予了很大的期望,于是她也就带着比较乐意和比较肯定的心情来考虑这个问题了。离别促进了她想夏绿蒂重逢的愿望,也消除了她对柯林斯先生的厌恶。这个计划多少总有它新奇的地方;再说,家里有了这样的母亲和这样几位不能融洽的妹妹,自难完美无缺,换换环境也好。趁着旅行的机会也可去看看吉英;总之,时日迫近了,她反而有些等不及了。她在一切都进行得很顺利,最后依旧照了夏绿蒂原先的意思,跟威廉爵士和他的第二个女儿一块儿去作一次客。以后这计划又补充了一下,决定在伦敦住一夜,这一来可真是个十全十美的计划了。
  • 第26章
  •       第 25 章

    谈情说爱,筹画好事,就这样度过了一星期,终于到了星期六,柯林斯先生不得不和心爱的夏绿蒂告别。不过,他既已作好接新娘的准备,离别的愁苦也就因此减轻了,他只等下次再来哈福郡,订出佳期,使他成为天下最幸福的男子。他象上次一样隆重其事地告别了浪搏恩的亲戚们,祝贺姐妹们健康幸福,又答应给他们的父亲再来一封谢函。

  • 第 24 章

    彬格莱小姐的信来了,疑虑消除了。信上第一句话就说,她们决定在伦敦过冬,结尾是替他哥哥道歉,说他在临走以前,没有来得及向哈福郡的朋友们辞行,很觉遗憾。

  •     第 23 章

    伊莉莎白正跟母亲和姐妹坐在一起,回想刚才所听到的那件事,决不定是否可以把它告诉大家,就在这时候,威廉?卢卡斯爵士来了。他是受了女儿的拜托,前来班府上宣布她订婚的消息。他一面叙述这件事,一面又大大地恭维了太太小姐们一阵,说是两家能结上亲,他真感到荣幸。班府上的人听了,不仅感到惊异,而且不相信真有这回事。班纳特太太再也顾不得礼貌,竟一口咬定他弄错了。丽迪雅一向又任性又撒野,不由得叫道:天哪!威廉爵士,你怎么会说出这番话来?你不知道柯林斯先生要娶丽萃吗?"

  •          第 22 章
    这一天班纳特全家都被卢卡斯府上请去吃饭,又多蒙卢卡斯小姐一片好意,整日陪着柯林斯先生谈话。伊莉莎白利用了一个机会向她道谢。
  • 柯林斯先生独自一个人默默地幻想着美满的姻缘,可是并没有想上多久,因为班纳特太太一直待在走廊里混时间,等着听他们俩商谈的结果,现在看见伊莉莎白开了门,匆匆忙忙走上楼去,她便马上走进饭厅,热烈地祝贺柯林斯先生,祝贺她自己,说是他们今后大有亲上加亲的希望了。柯林斯先生同样快乐地接受了她的祝贺,同时又祝贺了她一番,接着就把他跟伊莉莎白刚才的那场谈话,一五一十地讲了出来,说他有充分的理由相信,谈话的结果很令人满意,因为他的表妹虽然再三拒绝,可是那种拒绝,自然是她那羞怯淑静和娇柔细致的天性的流露。
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