英語學習
A calf (L) and a hamster (R) are displayed during a ceremony held to mark the passage from the Chinese "Year of Rat" to the "Year of Ox" at the Sunshine International Aquarium in Tokyo on December 26, 2008. AFP PHOTO / TOSHIFUMI KITAMURA (Photo credit should read TOSHIFUMI KITAMURA/AFP via Getty Images)
2020年是十二生肖裡的鼠年。鼠也是十二生肖裡排名第一的動物。 The year 2020 is the year of the mouse. It ranks number one out of the twelve animal signs.
傳統中國新年在圍爐時,桌上會出現的幾道菜色,想必大家都不陌生。但,我們要怎麼跟外國人介紹這些傳統年菜的英文與典故呢?
President Trump Addresses The Nation After Iranian Attacks In Iraq Target Bases Where U.S. Troops Stationed WASHINGTON, DC - JANUARY 08: With a portrait of former U.S. President George W. Bush hanging in the Grand Foyer (R), President Donald Trump speaks from the White House January 08, 2020 in Washington, DC. During his remarks Trump addressed the Iranian missile attacks that took place last night in Iraq. (Photo by Chip Somodevilla/Getty Images)
美國總統川普因為下令擊殺伊朗高階將領,同時也是頭號恐怖份子領袖蘇雷曼尼(Qassem Soleimani),造成近日美伊兩國的情勢一度緊張。美國防部發出聲明,為確保美國人民與美國安全,甚至全球利益,美國須採取必要行動!
President Trump Signs National Defense Authorization Act At Joint Base Andrews JOINT BASE ANDREWS, MARYLAND - DECEMBER 20: Operations Chef John Raymond and US President Donald Trump at the signing ceremony for S.1709, The National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 on December 20, 2019 in Joint Base Andrews, Maryland. President Trump is headed to Florida for the Holidays after a historic impeachment vote on the house floor this week. (Photo by Tasos Katopodis/Getty Images)
「Keep America Great Again!」(讓美國再次偉大!) 真的不只是口號!美國總統川普以行動證明,美國的強大與世界第一,並不是浪得虛名。川普在2019年12月21日簽署《2020國防授權法案》,除了陸、海、空三軍外,正式成立另一支菁英部隊,叫做「太空軍隊」(the Space Force)。
US President Donald Trump watches the game with members of the Navy during the Army-Navy football game in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania on December 14, 2019. (Photo by Andrew CABALLERO-REYNOLDS / AFP) (Photo by ANDREW CABALLERO-REYNOLDS/AFP via Getty Images)
美式足球或美式橄欖球(American Football),這是一個全世界只有美國人在玩的運動。根據《富比士》資料,2019年超級盃(NFL)時段的電視廣告費用,創下30秒鐘以約台幣1.6億元售出的紀錄。是什麼魔力讓這個運動「價值超凡」?本週讓我們一起來了解美式橄欖球的威力!
TOPSHOT - US President Donald Trump poses for selfies during a Thanksgiving dinner with US troops at Bagram Air Field during a surprise visit on November 28, 2019 in Afghanistan. (Photo by Olivier Douliery / AFP) (Photo by OLIVIER DOULIERY/AFP via Getty Images)
感恩節(Thanksgiving Day)在西方是年度最重要的節日之一。家人及親朋好友會在這天團圓相聚,藉著火雞大餐之際敘敘舊,回顧這一年的努力,並且聊聊未來的心願與展望。川普總統選擇到美軍在阿富汗的基地,與這些陣前將士們同樂,感恩他們遠在他鄉,卻為國家無私的奉獻及付出。
NEW YORK, NEW YORK - NOVEMBER 04: Traders work on the floor of the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) on November 04, 2019 in New York City. U.S. stocks finished at records highs on Monday with the Dow Jones Industrial Average rising 114 points to close at a record high. (Photo by Spencer Platt/Getty Images)
儘管聯邦眾議院議長裴洛西(Nancy Pelosi)和民主黨人士仍在運作對川普總統的彈劾案,甚至持續透過媒體與假新聞進行不實的指控,川普仍然以事實與實力證明,美國當前的經濟大好、工作就業機會佳、企業持續回流投資等。當然,股市大漲更是一國經濟強盛的不爭事實。
NEW YORK, NEW YORK - SEPTEMBER 26: People walk by Trump Tower on September 26, 2019 in New York City. Following the controversy over the phone call between Donald Trump and the president of Ukraine, senate Democrats have launched an impeachment inquiry as the events around the call and the actions following it continue to be of concern to lawmakers. (Photo by Spencer Platt/Getty Images)
從小在紐約市皇后區長大的川普總統近日感慨:「紐約不再!」身為紐約客(New Yorker),川普感到驕傲;而坐落在紐約市第五大道上的川普大樓(Trump Tower),更是他成就霸業中的經典。對於紐約,他貢獻良多;但卻因為政治理念不同,近年來,川普卻未受到善意或合理的對待。
DALLAS, TEXAS - OCTOBER 17: U.S. President Donald Trump speaks during a "Keep America Great" Campaign Rally at American Airlines Center on October 17, 2019 in Dallas, Texas. (Photo by Tom Pennington/Getty Images)
2019年10月17日,川普總統在美國德州達拉斯的空軍中心體育館舉辦造勢活動。到場支持民眾的數量不僅將室內會場擠滿,無法入內的,場外更有電視牆直播實況。值得一提的是,入場民眾的耐心排隊、守秩序、環境清潔維護等,所有細節都展示出民主國家的風範與素養。
PHILADELPHIA - DECEMBER 8: Vice President of the United States Joe Biden watches a game between the Army Black Knights and the Navy Midshipman on December 8, 2012 at Lincoln Financial Field in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Navy won 17-13. (Photo by Hunter Martin/Getty Images)
2020年美國總統大選即將在明年的11月3日舉行,雖然還有長達一年的時間,但兩黨主要競爭對手,都早已磨拳擦掌,進行著各種造勢與相關的活動,以拉抬聲勢。現任總統川普,除了長期備受反對黨在政治上的抹黑與迫害(Witch Hunt),還遭受多數主流媒體的偏頗報導。近日,川普總統乾脆自己在推特上發文,指出民主黨角逐總統大選提名的候選人喬.拜登(Joe Biden)說過的謊言,供選民一起來檢視它的真實性。
TOLEDO, OH - SEPTEMBER 18: General Motors workers wave at passing cars in front of the GM Powertrain Plant on September 18, 2019 in Toledo, Ohio. GM and the United Auto Workers union, which is leading its first strike against the auto maker since 2007, bargained into the evening yesterday and had plans to continue today over wages and health care, according to published reports citing sources familiar with the negotiations. (Photo by J.D. Pooley/Getty Images)
近期川普總統為全面翻轉美國汽車產業,重拾以往美國汽車製造的榮景,施展奇招:降低車輛廢氣排放標準;甚至還得到德國總理梅克爾的支持。除環保人士立即嚴正抗議反對外,一般民眾多數是霧裡看花,甚至不解,到底這葫蘆裡賣的是什麼藥?難道這只為提振經濟、賺大錢,卻放棄環保、製造空汙,進而破壞地球的舉動嗎?
A Chinese military policeman guards the front of t BEIJING, CHINA: A Chinese military policeman guards the front of the US embassy in Beijing as a US delegation prepares to leave the US embassy in Beijing 18 April 2001 to China's foreign ministry for talks on a midair collision between a Chinese fighter jet and a US surveillance plane that severely strained US-Sino relations. The eight-member delegation will ask the Chinese "tough questions" about their interceptions of US surveillance planes and demand the return of the EP-3 Orion that made an emergency landing in China after the April 1 collision. AFP PHOTO/Stephen SHAVER (Photo credit should read STEPHEN SHAVER/AFP/Getty Images)
美中貿易這個燙手山芋,沒有一任美國總統願意採強硬態度處理!除了重拾美國第一、讓美國再次偉大的信念之外,還有什麼原因,讓這位「被賦予神聖使命的」總統,擇善固執?
BEIJING, CHINA - NOVEMBER 9: U.S. President Donald Trump and China's President Xi Jinping (not shown) speak to business leaders at the Great Hall of the People on November 9, 2017 in Beijing, China. Trump is on a 10-day trip to Asia. (Photo by Thomas Peter-Pool/Getty Images)
美中貿易議題,持續延燒!早在去年3月開始,美國即採漸進式與談判式的作法,擘劃時程,展開對中國政府加徵關稅的舉動。原因當然包括從2000年以來,持續超額的貿易逆差與層出不窮的智慧財產竊盜問題,迫使川普總統不得不採取行動,以維護美國國家與國民的權益;當然,期間中國政府企圖採取的手段與談判策略,最終卻都以「無法履行承諾」而告終,講究誠信的美國,只好如實地採取必要行動。
US-politics-trump-shooting-crime US President Donald Trump (R) greets Dayton Mayor Nan Whaley (C) as he arrives at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base in Ohio on August 7, 2019. Trump is visiting the mass shooting sites in Dayton, Ohio, and El Paso, Texas. - Nine people were killed on August 4 in Dayton's popular Oregon District. (Photo by SAUL LOEB / AFP) (Photo credit should read SAUL LOEB/AFP/Getty Images)
2019年8月3日、4日,連續兩天,位於美國德州的艾爾帕索(El Paso)及俄亥俄州的岱頓鎮(Dayton)相繼發生大規模槍擊事件,不但造成人員的傷亡,又再次突顯美國槍枝氾濫問題;當然,槍手的身家背景、精神與心理狀態,又再次淪為討論與關注。
休閒的時間上網時,也可以嘗試看外語網站的新聞或感興趣的議題,很多人從這當中學習到本國文化中沒有的新知識,這也是一種很好的文化學習,既學習了外語,又拓展了視野,添增了生活的樂趣。
WASHINGTON, DC - NOVEMBER 02: U.S. President Donald Trump (R) speaks as he announces his nominee for the chairman of the Federal Reserve Jerome Powell during a press event in the Rose Garden at the White House, November 2, 2017 in Washington, DC. Current Federal Reserve chair Janet Yellen's term expires in February. (Photo by Drew Angerer/Getty Images)
「央行降息」、「貨幣政策」、「量化寬鬆」,這些經濟上的專有名詞,又如何影響一般民眾的生活呢?美國總統川普為國政竭盡心力,希望美國人民過得更好,近日他向美國聯邦準備理事會提出建言,好讓美國經濟更具競爭力。
WASHINGTON, DC - JULY 11: U.S. President Donald Trump greets sisters Lynnette Hardaway and Rochelle Richardson also known as Diamond and Silk during a “Presidential Social Media Summit” in the East Room of the White House July 11, 2019 in Washington, DC. President Trump hosted a group of his political allies to discuss “social media.” (Photo by Alex Wong/Getty Images)
科技的發展讓現今的生活便利許多,不論是資訊的傳遞還是民生消費的必須,都只靠一隻手機就能輕易完成。然而,正因為資訊的快速獲取,真實性也遭到質疑,建構每位網路使用者獨立判斷訊息的能力的確刻不容緩。
JAPAN-G20-SUMMIT US President Donald Trump (L) shakes hands with Japan's Prime Minister Shinzo Abe (C) as they sit beside China's President Xi Jinping as they attend a meeting on the digital economy at the G20 Summit in Osaka on June 28, 2019. (Photo by Jacques Witt / POOL / AFP) (Photo credit should read JACQUES WITT/AFP/Getty Images)
全球20國集團(G20)領袖經濟峰會剛剛在日本大阪(Osaka)落幕,國際領導人分別就「世界經濟」、「貿易與投資」、「創新」、「環境與能源」、「就業」、「女性賦權」、「發展」和「健康」等議題進行討論。會後,美國總統川普也就現階段美中貿易、解除華為禁令、中美洲移民、北韓等議題,在記者會中進行重點整理。
MONTOURSVILLE, PA - MAY 20: U.S. President Donald Trump tosses a hat into the crowd as he arrives for a 'Make America Great Again' campaign rally at Williamsport Regional Airport, May 20, 2019 in Montoursville, Pennsylvania. Trump is making a trip to the swing state to drum up Republican support on the eve of a special election in Pennsylvania's 12th congressional district, with Republican Fred Keller facing off against Democrat Marc Friedenberg. (Photo by Drew Angerer/Getty Images)
2020年真是大選年,台灣將在1月11日選出第15屆人民直選總統;而美國則在下半年的11月3日,揭曉誰會入主白宮。因為幅員廣闊、事務龐雜,各政黨參選人早在大約一年半前就開始磨拳擦掌、精心籌畫各類活動。民調支持度維持在五成上下的川普總統,近期除不斷強調他的政績讓美國經濟大好,也開始對競逐連任,展開下鄉行程與造勢活動。
美國總統川普(特朗普)發推文說,將自6月10日起,對所有輸美墨西哥商品課徵5%關稅。
誓言讓美國「再次偉大」,川普總統除了針對「非法移民」對症下藥,更加大力度整頓長久以來、且日趨嚴重的「毒品」問題。歷史上,鴉片氾濫,導致中國清朝晚期國窮民困,終遭鴉片戰爭打擊,清朝潰敗、接受不平等條約。今日的美國也因為「大麻合法化」問題,在聯邦政府與各州政府間,來回交鋒、各執己見。
美國總統川普提醒北京,在美方的關稅措施下,未達成貿易協對中國非常不利。資料照。(NICHOLAS KAMM/AFP/Getty Images)
誠信,是中華文化傳統的美德。在美國,一個擁有良好信用紀錄的人,將會在生活日常方面享受各種便利;可是信用紀錄一但出現汙點,將會遇到諸多麻煩。所以,絕大多數在美國生活的人,都非常在意自己的信用紀錄。近日,中國政府的輕諾食言,川普政府因此提高關稅反擊。美國此舉師出有名,中共出爾反爾則讓華夏子弟蒙上一層言而無信的臭名。
President And Mrs Trump Host National Day Of Prayer Service At White House WASHINGTON, DC - MAY 02: U.S. President Donald Trump (L) listens to Congregation Chabad Rabbi Yisroel Goldstein of Poway, California, speak during a National Day of Prayer service in the Rose Garden at the White House May 02, 2019 in Washington, DC. Goldstein suffered defensive wounds when a gunman opened fire during the last day of Passover services at his synagogue, killing Lori Kaye. The White House invited leaders from various faiths and religions to participate in the day of prayer, which was designated in 1952 by the United States Congress to ask people "to turn to God in prayer and meditation." (Photo by Chip Somodevilla/Getty Images)
「God bless America!」(上帝保佑美國!)這大概是美國好萊塢災難片,片中主角最常說的一句台詞,希望老天爺幫助美國渡過難關。5月2日是美國的全國祈禱日,川普總統說:「今天,我們感謝這了不起的國家,充滿自信、團結一致,這都要歸因於上帝。」信神、謙遜、充滿自信,難怪美國仍是今日世界上最強大的國家之一。
AUGUSTA, GEORGIA - APRIL 14: Tiger Woods of the United States reacts after being awarded the Green Jacket during the Green Jacket Ceremony after winning the Masters at Augusta National Golf Club on April 14, 2019 in Augusta, Georgia. (Photo by Kevin C. Cox/Getty Images)
「老虎伍茲」回來了!曾經叱剎體壇風雲、風靡高爾夫球界的傳奇人物,在歷經近10年的人生低潮,睽違14年,再次拿下了美國名人賽冠軍,這是他生涯第5座美國名人賽冠軍。同樣熱愛小白球的美國總統川普,更是老虎的粉絲,也在第一時間親自對伍茲表達祝賀之意。
US President Donald Trump(R) speaks to the press alongside Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell as he arrives on Capitol Hill on March 26, 2019 before joining Senate Republicans for lunch in Washington,DC. (Photo by Brendan Smialowski / AFP)
耗時2年,保守估計耗費超過2,500萬美元,傳喚高達500名證人,甚至多達34人遭到起訴的「通俄門」調查,2019年3月24日結論出爐:「川普沒有通俄與妨害司法。」毫無疑問,對支持川普總統的人們來說,猶如加注一劑強心針;相反地,對企圖打擊與反對川普的人士,真是感到全然錯愕。
WASHINGTON, DC - MARCH 15: U.S. President Donald Trump (L), shares a moment with his guests, including Homeland Security Secretary Kirstjen Nielsen (R), Attorney General William Barr (2nd R), and Sheriff Carolyn “Bunny” Welsh (C) of Chester County, Pennsylvania, after he signed his first veto during an event on border security in the Oval Office of the White House March 15, 2019 in Washington, DC. President Trump has vetoed the congressional resolution that blocks his national emergency declaration on the southern border. (Photo by Alex Wong/Getty Images)
保衛國家安全,維護社會秩序,本來就是一國元首的職務,但現在對美國總統川普來說,卻是進退兩難、寸步難行。從「關閉政府」到宣布進入「國家緊急狀態」,到底反對黨為何要頃全力不支持總統編列預算,修築邊境城牆?又是什麼原因讓川普堅持、想方設法找到修築的預算呢?
WASHINGTON, DC - JANUARY 30: Army Staff Sergeant Justin Peck sits with Fred and Cindy Warmbier during the State of the Union address in the chamber of the U.S. House of Representatives January 30, 2018 in Washington, DC. This is the first State of the Union address given by U.S. President Donald Trump and his second joint-session address to Congress. (Photo by Alex Wong/Getty Images)
很難想像,身處在一個自由民主的國家中,如果因為企圖偷拿飯店裡的一張海報,就被判刑15年入獄勞教、甚至虐待致死。目前這類事件,仍然正在少數共產極權專政國家中發生。美國一位大三生,被北韓當局關押17個月後,在昏迷狀態下,被營救返回美國,旋即去世,死因不明。
WASHINGTON, DC - FEBRUARY 21: (AFP OUT) U.S. President Donald Trump (R) hosts a listening session with Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School shooting survivors Julie Cordover (2nd R) and Jonathan Blank and his mother Melissa Blank and others in the State Dining Room at the White House February 21, 2018 in Washington, DC. Trump is hosted the session in the wake of last week's mass shooting at the high school in Parkland, Florida, that left 17 students and teachers dead. (Photo by Chip Somodevilla/Getty Images)
「他真是一位好總統!」一位痛失愛女的父親這樣稱讚美國總統川普。川普做了什麼?對於失去親人的痛苦,他感同身受;對於學生們的校園安全建議,他拉高層級,廣納意見。我們都由衷希望悲劇不再上演!
US-CRIME-SCHOOL-SHOOTING Flowers, candles and mementos sit outside one of the makeshift memorials at Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School in Parkland, Florida on February 27, 2018. Florida's Marjory Stoneman Douglas high school will reopen on February 28, 2018 two weeks after 17 people were killed in a shooting by former student, Nikolas Cruz, leaving 17 people dead and 15 injured on February 14, 2018. / AFP PHOTO / RHONA WISE (Photo credit should read RHONA WISE/AFP/Getty Images)
捷運持刀傷人、街上隨機砍人,近年來這些危害社安事件頻傳;校園擄人、傷人、霸凌,甚至師生關係緊張,層出不窮。人心!到底出了什麼問題?時值美國史上最嚴重的校園槍擊事件一周年,人民與政府從中學到了什麼?是否記取教訓?
朝鮮電視台在播報「川金會」紀錄片時,以前所未有的尊重口吻稱川普為 「美國總統」。(ANTHONY WALLACE/AFP/Getty Images)
從閉門造車、發展核武,整天對國際嗆聲說要發射飛彈,由共產勢力扶持起家的北韓政權,在第三代年輕的領導人金正恩的帶領下,似乎將有偌大的轉變。是什麼原因?讓超過70年的北韓共產專政,決定「放下屠刀」!
LONDON, ENGLAND - JANUARY 26: Lion Dancers perform in China Town on China's New Years Day on January 26, 2009 in London, England. The Ox, the Chinese Zodiac symbol ushered in today, is the sign of prosperity through fortitude and hard work. (Photo by Dan Kitwood/Getty Images)
,同樣遵循大陸華人的文化習俗。新年,或稱過年,可說是全球華人社會最重要的日子。 過年從黃曆正月初一開始。2019年則落在2月5日。根據十二生肖,今年是豬年。 If you are interested in this famil...